Letter of Credit (USANCE and AT SIGHT, Back to Back LC)

Letter of credit is one of the most important documents export/import companies rely on for smooth transactions. We are here to consult with you and guide you throughout the process, offering you timely letter of credit services and helping you gain control over transactions.

What is a Letter of Credit (LC)?

A letter of credit is a financial document issued by a bank on behalf of a buyer (the applicant) to guarantee payment to a seller (the beneficiary) upon the fulfillment of certain conditions. In essence, it serves as a promise that a specified amount of money will be paid to the seller, provided they meet the terms and conditions outlined in the LC.

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Types of Letters of Credit

There are several types of Letters of Credit, each designed to accommodate different trade scenarios and needs:

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    Commercial letter of credit:

    This is the standard LC used in trade, ensuring that the seller receives payment upon fulfilling the terms and conditions of the LC.

    Usance letter of credit:

    This type of LC allows deferred payment, meaning the buyer can pay at a later date, as specified in the LC.

    Back-to-Back letter of credit:

    Ideal for middlemen or brokers, this LC involves two separate LCs issued in favor of different beneficiaries, one based on the other.

    Standby letter of credit:

    Often used as a backup to ensure payment in case the buyer fails to meet their obligations, the Standby LC provides an additional layer of security for both parties.

    Irrevocable letter of credit:

    This type of LC cannot be altered or canceled without the consent of all parties involved, providing stability and security for the seller.

    Revocable letter of credit:

    Unlike the irrevocable LC, this type can be altered or canceled without the seller’s consent, which makes it less secure and less commonly used.

    Revolving letter of credit:

    Designed for ongoing or repeated transactions, a revolving LC automatically reinstates the credit amount as it is used, streamlining continuous trade relationships.

    Confirmed letter of credit:

    In addition to the issuing bank’s guarantee, a confirmed LC is also confirmed by another bank, often the beneficiary’s bank. This provides an extra layer of assurance.

    Red Clause letter of credit:

    This LC allows for partial payment to the beneficiary even before shipment, providing financial assistance to the seller during the production phase.

    Sight letter of credit:

    In a Sight LC, payment is made to the seller as soon as compliant documents are presented. It ensures a quick and straightforward transaction process.

    Confused about which type of LC is best for your trade business?

    Let us help you out.

    The benefits of using a letter of credit

    Risk mitigation:

    LCs significantly reduce the risk for both the buyer and the seller. The buyer is assured that the seller will only receive payment upon meeting the specified conditions, while the seller is guaranteed payment once the conditions are met.

    International trade facilitation:

    LCs are widely accepted in international trade, making it easier for businesses, even startups to engage in cross-border transactions with confidence.


    LC terms can be customized to suit the needs of the parties involved without collateral, allowing for flexibility in trade agreements.


    A confirmed LC issued by a reputable bank enhances the credibility of the buyer and seller in the eyes of each other, making it easier to attract partners and negotiate favorable terms.

    Our letter of credit process

    1. Consultation and application:

    Your journey begins by consulting with our expert team at PAFCO. We’ll assess your specific trade requirements and our trade finance advisory guide you through the LC application process.

    2. LC issuance:

    Once your application is approved, we initiate the LC issuance process. We work closely with our partner banks to ensure your LC is issued without delays.

    3. Terms and conditions:

    We help you customize the terms and conditions of the LC to meet the unique needs of your trade agreement. Whether it’s an import LC without collateral or documentary LC issuance, we’ve got you covered.

    4. Shipment and documentation:

    As your goods are shipped, it’s crucial to ensure that all required documents are prepared in strict compliance with the LC terms. Our team provides guidance to guarantee smooth documentation.

    5. Document examination:

    The beneficiary (seller) submits the documents to their bank, which thoroughly examines them for compliance with the LC requirements.

    6. Payment and settlement:

    If all documents are in order, the beneficiary’s bank forwards them to your bank, and the payment is made, ensuring a secure and timely settlement.

    7. LC closure:

    Once the payment is executed, the LC is considered closed, and any remaining funds are returned to you.

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    No Collaterals or assets?

    You can still get an Unsecured Letter of Credit and keep your business going.

    Unsecured Letter of Credit (Unsecured LC) is a document issued by a bank on behalf of a buyer (applicant) to guarantee payment to a seller (beneficiary) without requiring the buyer to provide collateral. 

    Unlike secured letters of credit, which may demand collateral, unsecured LCs offer businesses, including startups and small enterprises, a way to engage in international trade without tying up their assets as collateral, providing greater financial flexibility. Contact us to know how an unsecured letter of credit would be right for you business.

    Why choose Pacific Corp for unsecured letter of credit services?

    Expertise in LC issuance without collateral:

    We specialize in providing unsecured LCs, which means you can access the financial support you need without the burden of collateral. This flexibility is especially beneficial for startups and small businesses looking to expand their international trade activities.

    Trade finance advisory:

    Our experienced team of trade finance experts is here to guide you through every step of the process. Whether you need assistance with LC negotiation services or trade finance advisory, we have the knowledge and resources to help you make informed decisions.

    Tailored international trade finance solutions for small businesses:

    Pacific Corp understands the unique needs of small businesses & startups in international trade. We offer unsecured LC financing with no collaterals specifically designed to support your growth and success in the international marketplace.

    Standby Letters of Credit (SBLC):

    We also offer Standby Letters of Credit, a secondary payment guarantee that adds an extra layer of security to your international trade transactions. This enhances the trust between you and your partners.

    Why choose Pacific Corp for unsecured letter of credit services?

    Best unsecured letter of credit services:

    We specialize in offering the best unsecured letter of credit services, eliminating the need for collateral.

    Comprehensive range of services:

    Whether you need Import LC without collateral, documentary LC issuance, or standby LC for international trade, our services cover your diverse needs.

    Simplified trade finance:

    We simplify international trade finance for businesses of all sizes, ensuring accessibility and ease of use.

    Dedication to excellence:

    Our commitment to excellence is unwavering, providing you with top-tier services.

    Expert guidance:

    Our team of experts is always at your disposal, ready to help you navigate the complexities of global trade with confidence.

    Partner with Pacific Corp today to experience a new level of confidence and security in your international trade endeavors.

    Frequently asked questions

    1. What is an unsecured letter of credit (LC)?

    An unsecured letter of credit (LC) is a financial instrument issued by a bank that provides a payment guarantee to a seller (beneficiary) without requiring collateral from the buyer (applicant). It allows businesses to engage in international trade without tying up their assets as collateral.

    2. How does an unsecured LC work?

    An unsecured LC operates like a traditional LC, with the bank guaranteeing payment to the seller upon the fulfillment of specified conditions. However, unlike secured LCs, it does not require the buyer to provide collateral, making it more accessible for businesses.

    3. What are the advantages of using unsecured LC services?

    The advantages of using unsecured LC services include:

    • Accessibility: 

    Unsecured LCs are available to businesses of all sizes, including startups and small enterprises.

    • Preservation of Capital: 

    Buyers can retain their assets and capital since they don’t need to provide collateral.

    • Trade Expansion: 

    Unsecured LCs facilitate international trade by eliminating collateral requirements.

    • Risk Mitigation: 

    Sellers gain the assurance of payment, reducing the risk of non-payment.

    4. Who typically uses unsecured LCs?

    Unsecured LCs are commonly used by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), startups, and businesses looking to expand their international trade activities without the burden of collateral requirements.

    5. What are the costs associated with unsecured LC services?

    The costs associated with unsecured LC services may include issuance fees, confirmation fees (if applicable), and other bank charges. The specific costs can vary depending on the bank and the terms of the LC.

    6. What is the difference between sight LC and usance LC?

    The primary difference is the timing of payment. In a Sight letter of credit, payment is made to the seller as soon as compliant documents are presented. In a Usance letter of credit, there is a deferred payment, allowing the buyer to pay at a later specified date.

    7. What are letters of credit for services?

    Letters of credit for services are LCs designed for payment assurance in service-based transactions. They ensure that service providers receive payment upon fulfilling the terms and conditions specified in the LC, similar to LCs used in the trade of goods. These are often used in industries like consulting, IT services, and more.